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CONSORT

CONSORT, which stands for Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials, encompasses various initiatives developed by the CONSORT Group to alleviate the problems arising from inadequate reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

The main product of CONSORT is the CONSORT Statement, which is an evidence-based, minimum set of recommendations for reporting RCTs. It offers a standard way for authors to prepare reports of trial findings, facilitating their complete and transparent reporting, and aiding their critical appraisal and interpretation.

The CONSORT Statement comprises a 25-item checklist and a flow diagram, along with some brief descriptive text. The checklist items focus on reporting how the trial was designed, analyzed, and interpreted; the flow diagram displays the progress of all participants through the trial.

In addition, Extensions of the CONSORT Statement have been developed to give additional guidance for RCTs with specific designs, data and interventions.

CONSORT is part of a broader effort, to improve the reporting of different types of health research, and indeed, to improve the quality of research used in decision-making in healthcare.

EQUATOR Network

The EQUATOR Network is an international initiative that seeks to improve reliability and value of medical research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting of research studies.

This goal will be achieved through:

  • raising awareness of the crucial importance of good reporting of research
  • becoming the recognised global centre providing resources, education and training relating to the reporting of health research and use of reporting guidelines
  • assisting in the development, dissemination and implementation of reporting guidelines
  • monitoring the status of the quality of reporting across health research literature
  • conducting research relating to the quality of reporting